The City of Stuttgart
Stuttgart, the state capital of Baden-Württemberg, has a population of about 600.000. The city lies in a basin. The lowest point is the River Neckar, which is about 200 metres above sea-level, and the highest is at Stuttgart-Vaihingen at approx. 550 metres. The climate is moderate and the average annual temperature is 10 °C. The relatively warm summers and mild winters are characteristic of the Stuttgart climate. However, it is quite possible that the temperature in winter will go far below freezing-point which makes it necessary to have winter clothes as well as rainproof clothing.
Stuttgart is the cultural centre of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a wealth of theaters and concert halls. It is also the home of a world-famous ballet. There are museums, art-galleries as well as academies of music and art and a musical. Every year thousands come from far and near to enjoy the Cannstatter Volksfest, a public festival with a huge amusement park which takes place at the end of September on the common called the Cannstatter Wasen. Over the course of time this festival has become second only to the most famous in Germany, namely, the Oktoberfest in Munich.
Stuttgart is also one of the largest agriculture, fruit and viticulture centres in the Federal Republic of Germany. Many of the most renowned companies like Mercedes-Benz and Bosch have factories here. In addition, there are numerous smaller companies involved in the production of machine tools, textiles and clothes, precision instruments, food and luxury items. There are also companies that specialise in woodworking, leather processing and making shoes and musical instruments as well as a number of large breweries. There is also a small paper and chemical industry. Over 300 publishing houses and a highly developed graphic industry has given Stuttgart the reputation of being one of Germany's most attractive "Book Towns.
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